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南苏丹再起战事威胁油田安全  

2015-05-22 23:46:12|  分类: 重饮尼罗水 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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       从2015年1月初来南苏丹工作,处于战乱中的南苏丹还算平静。不像在伊拉克和阿富汗,出门就要戴头盔、穿防弹衣、钻防弹车。上周去油田现场转了一圈,基本可以开车到处跑,没有多少军警,也没什么检查站,没有感觉到安全形势的严峻。然而就在两天前,油田的安全形势急转直下。我们油田所处的上尼罗州(Upper Nile)州府马拉卡(Malakal)落入反政府联盟之手,并很快逼近离油田主营地只有30多公里的另一个重镇马鲁特(Melut),反政府军利用尼罗河面上的大型驳船,安装掩体和重武器对马鲁特进行炮击,油田面临极大的安全危险。这也是今年以来南苏丹最激烈的一次武装冲突。

       由于各方出于不同的目的,不同的消息来源对这起战事的报道有极大的差距。下面是主要媒体对这起战事的报道:

南苏丹再起战事威胁油田安全 - 淡淡云天 - 淡淡云天

 南苏丹Paloch油田营地

 

中石油404人因战火从南苏丹最大油田撤离

20150522 04:30  新华网  

 

  新华网喀土穆521日电(记者李紫恒)朱巴消息:随着中国石油天然气集团公司(中石油)又一批员工21日飞抵南苏丹首都朱巴,中方404人已安全撤离南苏丹上尼罗州战区。

  19日,南苏丹反政府武装开始攻打位于上尼罗州的迈鲁特镇,并与政府军在一精炼厂发生激烈交火,战火向东蔓延,抵近20公里外中石油公司所在的帕洛伊奇油田。该油田是南苏丹最大的油田,其产量约占南苏丹石油总产量的80%

  交战发生后,中国驻南苏丹大使馆、中国驻苏丹大使馆和中石油启动应急预案。20日下午,首批92名中方员工抵达苏丹首都喀土穆,其余312人向南陆续撤离至朱巴。 

  据中石油相关负责人介绍,404名中方人员已按预案分8个架次包机安全撤离到喀土穆和朱巴两地休整,将陆续被安排回国。 

  目前,南苏丹政府已增派兵力保护油田。在404名中方员工撤离后,帕洛伊奇油区仍有部分关键操作岗位的中方人员留守。他们将在有安全保障的前提下最大限度维持生产,必要情况下将妥善处置油田设施并撤离。

南苏丹再起战事威胁油田安全 - 淡淡云天 - 淡淡云天

 Paloch油田机场

 

 Africa Fighting continues near major South Sudan oilfield, U.N. asks for halt

 Reuters(JUBA,  By Denis Dumo, Wed May 20, 2015 9:35pm BST)

 

        Four people were killed when two mortar bombs hit a U.N. compound and a site housing civilians in the town of Melut near South Sudan's Paloch oilfields, and a state official said fighting between troops and rebels stretched into Wednesday.

        Forces loyal to President Salva Kiir and rebels allied with former vice president Riek Machar have been fighting for nearly 18 months in the world's newest state, which seceded from Sudan in 2011. Ceasefires have been agreed but broken. 

        On Tuesday, the rebel SPLA-in-Opposition told oil firms to shut down and evacuate workers from the Paloch oilfields and said its fighters had captured the area of a refinery under construction in Melut. 

       The U.N. Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) said four civilians were killed and eight others wounded in fighting on Tuesday when two mortar bombs landed in the UNMISS compound in Melut and a complex housing civilians there. 

       A spokesman for U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said Ban had urged investigations into the deaths and other incidents attributed to both warring sides in recent fighting including the burning of villages, and killing and rape of civilians. 

       "The Secretary-General calls upon President Salva Kiir and former Vice-President Riek Machar to immediately cease all military operations and reminds them of their obligations to protect civilians," the spokesman said in a statement. 

南苏丹再起战事威胁油田安全 - 淡淡云天 - 淡淡云天

 尼罗河风光

       Upper Nile Information Minister Peter Hoth Puach said government officials had been evacuated to Paloch from Melut, where five soldiers had been wounded in fighting that was still going on. He said Melut and the refinery area were still in government hands, contrary to rebel assertions. 

       Hoth said government troops and tanks were deployed in Paloch and foreign oil workers were leaving the oilfields but it was unlikely they would fall into rebel hands. 

      "At the moment I am outside Melut and as I am speaking now there is fighting," Hoth told Reuters by phone. "It is just a threat from the rebels that they are in control of Paloch."  

      Rebel spokesman James Gatdet Dak said they were still in control of the refinery site and had made a tactical retreat from Melut after shooting down a government helicopter gunship. 

      "Paloch oilfields have remained besieged and our forces are waiting for the next order to move in. We intend to avoid a takeover that may damage the oil facilities," he said in an emailed statement. 

      Government officials were not immediately available to comment on the reported loss of the helicopter. 

      Thousands of people have fled their homes in recent days because of the fighting and some 650,000 civilians are without access to aid in Upper Nile State, where Melut is located, and neighbouring Unity State, according to the U.N. Humanitarian Coordinator for South Sudan. 

      Oil firms in South Sudan include China National Petroleum Corp, India's ONGC Videsh and Malaysia's Petronas.

南苏丹再起战事威胁油田安全 - 淡淡云天 - 淡淡云天

 当地村落

  

(Writing by George Obulutsa; Editing by Mark Heinrich)

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